B Complex Serum
This is a super serum for your skin, harbouring multifunctional power ingredients to treat, restore and protect your skin.
The B Complex serum is an essential serum that can be used for all skin types. Containing B3, B5 and Hyaluronic Acid, this serum has been specially designed to rejuvenate your skin and bring back its plumpness.
Over the past twenty years, panthenol has been effectively used to treat sunburns, irritations, dryness and other minor skin disorders. This non-toxic vitamin has incredible absorption properties and helps to diminish wrinkles by infusing moisture into the deeper layers of your skin. In 1995, a study conducted by LH Leung also suggested panthenol as an alternative treatment for acne because it counteracts bacteria. Panthenol can be found in a variety of skin care products developed to treat dry, normal, combination and acne-prone skin.
Using panthenol in your skin will help to keep it smooth by helping to maintain its natural moisture balance and counteracting surface bacteria. Panthenol reduces inflammation, soothes irritation and initiates the rebuilding of your skin. The healing properties of this vitamin have also been proven to be beneficial for stronger hair and nails.
Journal of Cosmetic Science, July-August 2011, issue 4, pages 361-370
In a 2005 clinical study, the objective was to clinically determine the effect of topical niacinamide on additional skin appearance and property end points (wrinkles, yellowing, and elasticity).
Female white subjects (N = 50) with clinical signs of facial photoaging (fine lines and wrinkles, poor texture, and hyperpigmented spots) applied 5% niacinamide to half of the face and its vehicle control to the other half twice daily for 12 weeks (double blind, left-right randomized). Facial images and instrumental measures were obtained at baseline and at 4-week intervals.
Analyses of the data revealed a variety of significant skin appearance improvement effects for topical niacinamide: reductions in fine lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmented spots, red blotchiness, and skin sallowness (yellowing). In addition, elasticity (as measured via cutometry) was improved. Corresponding mechanistic information is presented.
Dermatol Surg. 2005 Jul;31(7 Pt 2):860-5; discussion 865.
Youthful skin retains its turgor, resilience and pliability, among others, due to its high content of water. Daily external injury, in addition to the normal process of aging, causes loss of moisture. The key molecule involved in skin moisture is hyaluronic acid (HA) that has unique capacity in retaining water.
Hyaluronic acid belongs to the extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules. During the past decades the constituents of the skin have been well characterized. In the beginning, most of the studies focused on the cells that comprise the skin layers, such as the epidermis, the dermis and the underlying subcutis. Recently, it is appreciated that ECM molecules that lie between cells, in addition to providing a constructive framework, they exert major effects on cellular function. These ECM molecules, although they appear amorphous by light microscopy, they form a highly organized structure, comprising mainly of glycosaminoglycan, proteoglycans, growth factors and structural proteins such as collagens. Yet, the predominant component of the skin ECM is Hyaluronic acid.
Dermatoendocrinol. 2012 Jul 1; 4(3): 253–258. doi: 10.4161/derm.21923
Apply a small amount of serum to clean, dry skin in the evening, follow with Antioxidant Defence Moisturiser or Peptide Firming Moisturiser.
INGREDIENTSAqua purificata, Niacinamide USP (10%), Panthenol (4%), Hyaluronic Acid (1%), Phenoxyethanol
- Hyaluronic Acid (1%)
- Niacinamide (10%)
- Panthenol (4%)