This formulation improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, brightens complexion and helps balance uneven skin tone. It also provides advanced environmental protection to combat premature signs of ageing.
Best suited for dry skin types. 50mL.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Environmental factors, such as solar radiation, pollution, and smoking can accelerate damage to the skin through the generation of so-called “oxidative stress”. Vitamin C is one of the most potent antioxidants in the skin. It neutralizes the oxidative stress by a process of electron transfer and/or donation.
Vitamin C is essential for collagen biosynthesis and is thought to have an antiaging effect. More importantly, it serves as a cofactor for prolyl and lysyl hydroxylase, key enzymes that cross-link and stabilize collagen fibres.
Al-niaimi F, Chiang NYZ. Topical Vitamin C and the Skin: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2017;10(7):14-17.
Ferulic acid is a potent ubiquitous plant antioxidant. Its incorporation into a topical solution of 15% l-ascorbic acid and 1% alpha-tocopherol improved chemical stability of the vitamins (C+E) and doubled photoprotection to solar-simulated irradiation of skin from 4-fold to approximately 8-fold as measured by both erythema and sunburn cell formation.
This combination of pure natural low molecular weight antioxidants provides meaningful synergistic protection against oxidative stress in skin and should be useful for protection against photoaging and skin cancer.
Lin FH, Lin JY, Gupta RD, et al. Ferulic acid stabilizes a solution of vitamins C and E and doubles its photoprotection of skin. J Invest Dermatol. 2005;125(4):826-32.
Vitamin E protects the skin from various deleterious effects due to solar radiation by acting as a free-radical scavenger. Experimental studies suggest that vitamin E has antitumorigenic and photoprotective properties. There is a paucity of controlled clinical studies providing a rationale for well-defined dosages and clinical indications of vitamin E usage in dermatological practice.
Keen MA, Hassan I. Vitamin E in dermatology. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2016;7(4):311-5.
After cleansing, apply 4-5 drops to dry skin to face and neck regions in the morning. Apply this serum first before other skincare formulations.
Aqua purificata, Ethoxy Diglycol, L-Ascorbic Acid (15%), Glycerin, Propylene Glycol, Vitamin E Acetate, Phenoxyethanol, Panthenol, Ferulic Acid, Hyaluronic Acid.